La clave jeroglífica aplicada a la conquista de México. The color plates below are taken from Cyrus Thomas, “A Study of the Manuscript Troano” in Contribution to North American Ethnology, Volume V. In the late 19th. A Study of the Manuscript Troano – Ebook download as PDF File .pdf), Text File Alonso Ponce. in the Coleocion de Documentos para la Historia de Eapana.

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These calculations are based upon the supposition that Cauac was the first year of the cycle, but the same rule will apply with Kan or any other as the first of the series. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

He pub- lished one of the earliest grammars -of the language, and also composed a dictionary in three large volumes, which was not printed.

One omission in my paper will be observed by those who are familiar with the subject, that is, the failure on my part to notice and account for, in the Maya chronological system, the surplus days of the bissextile years. Their language was pure Maya, and they had brought with them in their migration, as one of their greatest treasures, the sacred books which contained their ancient history, their calendar and ritual, and the prophecies of their future fate.

I think there can be no doubt that these four plates represent the fetes and ceremonies of th B supplementary days described by Landa Relac.

Both in the inscriptions, manuscripts, and paintings the forms of the letters are rounded, and a row of them presents the outlines of a number of pebbles cut in two.

The earliest exploration of the coast of Yucatan was that of Francisco Hernandez de Cordova, in We have therefore as much authority for assuming it as the fii’st of these periods as the simple fact that Cogulludo gives Kan as the first, especially as the number he gives applied to the lusters.

Madrid Codex (Maya)

Before proceeding further in our discussion of the Manuscript it will be necessary for us to decide in referei ce to the following points relating to the calendar upon which we have incidentally touched: As there were twenty -four years in an Ahau, and six were yet wanting to complete that referred to in the quotation, it follows of neces- sity this 4 Kan was the 18th and that this Ahau must have commenced with the year 13 Cauac and ended with 10 Ix.


If we examine Table III, showing the years of the cycle, we shall find as a matter of course that these years occur but once in the entire period. The only reason Tronao see for any doubt as to the correctness of this conclusion is that on pages 62 and 63 we find similar figures containing numeral troxno for 16, 15, 17, and 19, numbers that cannot refer to the Ahaues.

The conclusion which M. But as Selior Perez, who is our chief authority for what pertains to the Maya calendar, has advanced a different opinion, and as his suggestion affords a means of escape from a very serious difficulty, I will call attention to it before deciding as to which I believe to be the true method of locating these periods.

Ix, Muluc, Kan, Cauac, exactly the reverse of that in which they come in the calendar. When the conquest was an accompHshed fact and the priests had got the upper rl, the natives did not dare use their ancient characters. The women parted tlieir hair in the middle, that of the matrons or married women not being allowed to hang down, while that of the younger or unmarried ones was allowed to hang in long ep behind.

If the year began with Kan, the last day of documenfo eighteenth month — Cumhu — would, as a matter of course, be Akbal, the last of the twenty. They were ten or twelve yards long, and were gath- ered together in folds, like a palm leaf.

The third month Zip will then be the column with 5 at the top; running down this to the eighteenth documsnto line we find the figure 9; we also observe that the 18th day in the Kan column of the names of days is Ymix, agreeing exactly with the date given.

As before stated, an examination of this manuscript is sufficient to convince any one at all familiar with Landa’s characters that those here used are substantially the same, be their signification what it may.

Its origin is unknown. The above two were republished under the title: The Maya graphic system was recognized from the first to be dis- tinct from the Mexican. As each of the four leading days or “year-bearers,” as they were called by the Mayas, can have but thirteen different numbers it is unnecessary to extend our columns of numbers further than thirteen. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Madrid Codex.


Codice jeroglifico Troano-americano

If these were all the peculiarities of the system, the Maya calendar would be comparatively simple and easily understood. The images in the Madrid Codex depict rituals such as human sacrifice and invoking rainfall, as well as everyday activities such as beekeeping, hunting, warfare, and weaving. Enhi is the preterit of the irregular verb half to be, pret. Cimi Manik Lamat Muluc But I am relieved of expressing an opinion as to his success by his own statement in a later work, that he had, by mistake, commenced at the end of the Codex instead of its beginning; that he had read the lines from right to left, when he should have read them from left to right; and that his translations were not intended for more than mere experiments.

Spears and arrows if such they be, for there is no figure of a bow in the entire workor darts, are the only implements of warfare shown. The number of yestrs contained in an Ahau.

FAMSI – Maya Codices – The Madrid Codex

XXV turesand some signs in the figures, they understood their matters, and could explain them and teach them. As neither the year nor the day of the month is given, it is evident that we may find more than one day answering to this date, but let us hunt them out and see where they fall. Some may contend that it was not the intention to fix the years, as this is possi- bly the date of some feast or religious ceremony to be observed each year.

The Ancient Maya 6th, fully revised ed. The serious objection to the plan of Table XXII is that it requires the Xlllth Ahau to begin with the last year of a grand cycle, which, I think, is suffi- cient to condemn it Perez’s statement bearing on this subject is as follows: I find the work consists of two parts: